Fatty liver disease is a condition that occurs when the liver stores too much fat. The majority of people show no signs or symptoms, and it does not cause them any substantial issues. However, in some situations, it can result in liver damage. The good news is that lifestyle adjustments can typically prevent or even correct fatty liver disease.
What is the Liver’s Function?
The liver is a vital organ that performs a variety of life-sustaining activities. The liver is responsible for the following functions:
- Bile is produced, which aids digestion.
- Produces proteins for the human body.
- It is used to store iron.
- Nutrients are converted into energy by this enzyme.
- Produces chemicals that aid in blood clotting (stick together to heal wounds).
- By producing immunological factors and eliminating bacteria and toxins (substances that can harm your body) from your blood, it aids in your resistance to infections.
What is Fatty Liver Disease?
Steatosis (fatty liver disease) is a frequent disorder caused by a buildup of fat in the liver. There is a modest amount of fat in a healthy liver. When fat accounts for 5% to 10% of the liver’s weight, it becomes an issue.
Why is Fatty Liver Disease Serious?
Fatty liver disease rarely causes major complications or impairs the liver’s ability to operate correctly. Fatty liver disease, however, worsens with time for 7 percent to 30% of those who have it. It is divided into three stages:
The liver becomes inflamed (swollen), causing tissue damage. Steatohepatitis is the name for this stage.
Once the liver is damaged, scar tissue forms. Fibrosis is the medical term for this condition.
Scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in large amounts. One will have cirrhosis of the liver at this stage.
Cirrhosis of the liver is caused by extensive liver injury. The liver’s function is slowed by the hard scar tissue that replaces healthy liver tissue. It has the potential to completely shut down liver function. Cirrhosis can result in liver cancer and liver failure.
Forms of Fatty Liver Disease.
Alcoholic Liver Disease.
The accumulation of fat in the liver as a result of extensive drinking is known as alcoholic fatty liver. One drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for males is considered moderate drinking.
Nonalcoholic Liver Disease.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease affects persons who do not drink heavily. The specific cause of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease has yet to be discovered. Obesity and diabetes are two variables that can raise one’s risk.
Symptoms and Causes.
Who is at Risk?
- Hispanic or Asian.
- Postmenopausal woman (a woman whose periods have stopped).
- Obesity with a high level of belly fat.
- Have high blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol.
- Have obstructive sleep apnea (a blocked airway that causes breathing to stop and start during sleep).
Causes of Fatty Liver Disease.
- Being obese or overweight.
- Having Type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance.
- Having metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high triglyceride levels).
- Taking certain prescription medications, such as amiodarone, diltiazem, tamoxifen, or steroids.
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